During the American Civil War , the United States Sanitary Commission , a federal civilian agency, handled most of the medical and nursing care of the Union armies, together with necessary acquisition and transportation of medical supplies. Dorothea Dix , serving as the Commission's Superintendent, was able to convince the medical corps of the value of women working in their hospitals. During the Spanish—American War , the Army hired female civilian nurses to help with the wounded. Army - the only woman at this time. After the war ended, McGee pursued the establishment of a permanent nurse corps. She wrote the section of the Army Reorganization Act legislation pertaining to nursing and is now known as the founder of the Army Nurse Corps.
Denise M. Saint Arnault | University of Michigan School of Nursing
Gender specific mental health risks Transcultural psychiatry Dr. She develops and tests her Cultural Determinants of Help Seeking theory in research with women in the U. In this research, she uses mixed methods to discover how distress experiences, culturally based meanings such as stigma and sense of coherence , social support, and social negativity impact the help seeking journey. She also examines cultural factors that influence meaning, expectation, and expression of depression. She examines the importance of physical as well as emotional symptom experience for people from a variety of cultures. Saint Arnault focuses on the impact of gender-based trauma on mental health, functioning and quality of life. She is currently researching mind-body and culturally tailored interventions to promote mental and physical health for women from a variety of cultures.